Geospatial (s)tools: integration of advanced epidemiological sampling and novel diagnostics

  • Giuseppe Cringoli | cringoli@unina.it Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
  • Laura Rinaldi Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
  • Marco Albonico Ivo de Carneri Foundation, Milan, Italy.
  • Robert Bergquist Ingerod, Brastad, Sweden.
  • Jürg Utzinger Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Large-scale control and progressive elimination of a wide variety of parasitic diseases is moving to the fore. Indeed, there is good pace and broad political commitment. Yet, there are some worrying signs ahead, particularly the anticipated declines in funding and coverage of key interventions, and the paucity of novel tools and strategies. Further and intensified research and development is thus urgently required. We discuss advances in epidemiological sampling, diagnostic tools and geospatial methodologies. We emphasise the need for integrating sound epidemiological designs (e.g. cluster-randomised sampling) with innovative diagnostic tools and strategies (e.g. Mini-FLOTAC for detection of parasitic elements and pooling of biological samples) and high-resolution geospatial tools. Recognising these challenges, standardisation of quality procedures, and innovating, validating and applying new tools and strategies will foster and sustain long-term control and eventual elimination of human and veterinary public health issues.

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Published
2013-05-01
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Original Articles
Keywords:
diagnosis, disease control and elimination, epidemiology, geospatial tools, Mini-FLOTAC, parasitology, surveillance.
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How to Cite
Cringoli, G., Rinaldi, L., Albonico, M., Bergquist, R., & Utzinger, J. (2013). Geospatial (s)tools: integration of advanced epidemiological sampling and novel diagnostics. Geospatial Health, 7(2), 399-404. https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2013.97

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