Spatial cluster analysis of COVID-19 in Malaysia (Mar-Sep, 2020)

  • Sami Ullah | sami.khan3891@gmail.com Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7371-7297
  • Nurul Hidayah Mohd Nor Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Hanita Daud Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Nooraini Zainuddin Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Muhammad Salim Javed Gandapur IIC University of Technologi, Cambodia.
  • Iftikhar Ali Project Wing (PSDP), Planning Division and Special Initiatives, Govt of the Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Alamgir Khalil Department of Statistics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the current worldwide pandemic as declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. Being part of the ongoing global pandemic, Malaysia has recorded a total of 8639 COVID-19 cases and 121 deaths as of 30th June 2020. This study aims to detect spatial clusters of COVID-19 in Malaysia using the Spatial Scan Statistic (SaTScan™) to guide control authorities on prioritizing locations for targeted interventions. The spatial analyses were conducted on a monthly basis at the state-level from March to September 2020. The results show that the most likely cluster of COVID-19 occurred in West Malaysia repeatedly from March to June, covering three counties (two federal territories and one neighbouring state) and moved to East Malaysia in July covering two other counties. The most likely cluster shows a tendency of having moved from the western part to the eastern part of the country. These results provide information that can be used for the evidence- based interventions to control the spread of COVID-19 in Malaysia.

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Published
2021-05-05
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
COVID-19, spatial clusters, Malaysia, SaTScan™.
Statistics
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How to Cite
Ullah, S., Mohd Nor, N. H., Daud, H., Zainuddin, N., Gandapur, M. S. J., Ali, I., & Khalil, A. (2021). Spatial cluster analysis of COVID-19 in Malaysia (Mar-Sep, 2020). Geospatial Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2021.961