COVID-19: End of the beginning?
The limited case cluster of atypical pneumonia detected in central China in December 2019, now known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), converted into a million confirmed cases worldwide in only 10 weeks. Declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020 (WHO, 2020) and passing the 3 million mark on 27 April, the world is under formidable strain with respect to public health, economy and personal life. Time and again we are alerted about unforeseen, new effects of this disease, which brings to mind the terms “known unknowns” and “unknown unknowns” used by former U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfield when referring to the lack of evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq ahead of the second Gulf war, a fitting vocabulary as we again are faced with mass destruction, though this time of a different kind.
Bao L, Deng W, Gao H, Xiao C, Liu J, Xue J, et al., 2020. Reinfection could not occur in SARS-CoV-2 infected rhesus macaques. Cold Spring Harbour BioRxiv Preprint Server for Biology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.13.990226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.13.990226
Bisanzio D, Kraemer MUG, Bogoch II, BrewerT, John S Brownstein JS, Reithinger R, 2020. Use of Twitter social media activity as a proxy for human mobility to predict the spatiotemporal spread of COVID-19 at global scale. Geospat Health https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2020.897 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2020.897
CBEM, 2020. Available at https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/covid-19-what-proportion-are-asymptomatic. Accessed 20 April 2020.
CDC, 2005. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/sars/about/faq.html. Accessed 20 April 2020.
Dawood FS, Iuliano AD, Reed C, Meltzer MI, Shay DK, Cheng PY, et al., 2012. Estimated global mortality associated with the first 12 months of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus circulation: a modelling study". Lancet Inf Dis 12 (9): 687-95. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70121-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70121-4
El Boussadani B, Benajiba C, Aajal A, Ait Brik A, Ammour O, El Hangouch J, Oussama O, Oussama B, Tahiri N, Raissuni Z, 2020. COVID-19 pandemia: Impact on the cardiovascular system. Data of 1st April 2020. Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) doi:10.1016/j.ancard.2020.04.001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancard.2020.04.001
Elfiky AA, 2020. SARS-CoV-2 RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) targeting: An in silico perspective. J Biomol Struct Dyn 26, 1-15. doi: 10.1080/07391102.2020.1761882. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2020.1761882
Harper KN, Ocampo PS, Steiner BM, George RW, Silverman MS, Bolotin S, et al. (2008) On the Origin of the Treponematoses: A Phylogenetic Approach. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2(1): e148. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000148 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000148
Henderson DA, Inglesby TV, Bartlett JG, Ascher MS, Eitzen E, Jahrling PB, Hauer J, Layton M, et al., 1999. Smallpox as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. Working Group on Civilian Biodefense. JAMA 281(22), 2127–37. doi: http://doi.org/10.1001/jama.281.22.2127. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.281.22.2127
Kelly H, Peck HA, Laurie KL, Wu P, Nishiura H, Cowling BJ. 2011). The age-specific cumulative incidence of infection with pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 was similar in various countries prior to vaccination". PloS One. 6 (8): e21828. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021828
Lambert ND, Ovsyannikova IG, Pankratz VS, Jacobson RM, Poland GA,2012. Understanding the immune response to seasonal influenza vaccination in older adults: a systems biology approach. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2012 Aug; 11(8): 985–994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1586/erv.12.61
Magro C, Mulvey JJ, Berlin D, Nuovo G, Salvatore S, Harp J, Baxter-Stoltzfus A, Laurence J, 2020.Complement associated microvascular injury and thrombosis in the pathogenesis of severe COVID-19 infection: A report of five cases. Transl Res pii: S1931-5244(20)30070-0. doi:10.1016/j.trsl.2020.04.007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trsl.2020.04.007
Ma, J, 2020. Coronavirus: China’s first confirmed Covid-19 case traced back to November 17. South China Morning Post of 13 March. Available at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3074991/coronavirus-chinas-first-confirmed-covid-19-case-traced-back. Accessed 20 April 2020.
Matías-Guiu J, Gomez-Pinedo U, Montero-Escribano P, Gomez-Iglesias P, Porta-Etessam J, Matias-Guiu JA,2020. Should we expect neurological symptoms in the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic? Neurologia. doi:10.1016/j.nrl.2020.03.001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2020.03.001
Oxley TJ, Mocco J, Majidi S, Kellner CP, Shoirah H, Singh IP, De Leacy RA, Shigematsu T, Ladner TR, Yaeger KA, Skliut M, Weinberger J, Dangayach NS, Bederson JB, Tuhrim S, Fifi JT, 2020.Large-Vessel Stroke as a Presenting Feature of Covid-19 in the Young. N Engl J Med. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2009787. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2009787
Thanh Le T, Andreadakis Z, Kumar A, Gómez Román R, Tollefsen S, Saville M, Mayhew S, 2020. The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape. Nat Rev Drug Discov Apr 9 [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1038/d41573-020-00073-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41573-020-00073-5
Wadman M, Jennifer Couzin-Frankel J, Jocelyn Kaiser J, Catherine Matacic C, 2020. How does coronavirus kill? Clinicians trace a ferocious rampage through the body, from brain to toes. Science Mag 2020 doi:10.1126/science.abc3208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc3208
WHO, 2011. Report of the Review Committee on the Functioning of the International Health Regulations (2005) in relation to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 presented at the sixty-fourth World Health Assembly, provisional agenda item 13.2. Available at: https://web.archive.org/web/20150514145306/http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA64/A64_10-en.pdf (accessed 10 April 2020).
WHO, 2020. Available at https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020. Accessed 20 April 2020.
Yao XH, Li TY, He ZC, Ping YF, Liu HW, Yu SC, et al., 2020. A pathological report of three COVID-19 cases by minimally invasive autopsies. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 49(0):E009. Mar 15 [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.3760/cma.j.cn112151-20200312-00193. (in Chinese with abstract available in English).
Ye L, Hu LQ, 2020. Spatiotemporal distribution and trend of COVID-19 in the Yangtze River Delta region of the Peoples' Republic of China. Geospat Health https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2020.889 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2020.889
Zhang YZ, Holmes EC, 2020. A Genomic Perspective on the Origin and Emergence of SARS-CoV-2. Cell181(2), 223-227. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.035. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.035
- Abstract views: 828
- PDF: 466
- HTML: 0
Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.