Using global positioning system methods to explore mobility patterns and exposure to high HIV prevalence neighbourhoods among transgender women in New York

  • William C. Goedel Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, United States.
  • Seann D. Regan Social and Spatial Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, United States.
  • Basile Chaix “Pierre-Louis” Institute of Epidemiology and Public Health, “Pierre et Marie Curie” University, Paris, France.
  • Asa Radix Callen-Lorde Community Health Center, New York, NY, United States.
  • Sari L. Reisner Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health, Boston, MA, United States.
  • Aron C. Janssen Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, United States.
  • Dustin T. Duncan | dd3018@columbia.edu Social and Spatial Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, United States.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess mobility patterns among a sample of transgender women (n=14) in New York City via survey and Global Positioning System (GPS) monitoring. We found varying levels of concordance between the residential neighbourhood and each of the non-residential contexts: 64.3% considered the neighbourhood that they socialised in most often to be different from their residential neighbourhood. While participants’ residences represented 10 zone improvement plan code tabulation areas (ZCTAs), GPS data were recorded in 124 of 263 ZCTAs (47.1%). Overall, 58.2% (n=373,262) were recorded in ZCTAs in the highest quartile of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence. The association between place, community HIV prevalence, mobility, and factors that increase the vulnerability of transgender women to HIV infection are worthy of future investigation in reducing the burden of the HIV epidemic in these communities.

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Published
2019-11-12
Section
Short Communications
Keywords:
Spatial Epidemiology, Transgender, HIV, Mobility, Global positioning system
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How to Cite
Goedel, W., Regan, S., Chaix, B., Radix, A., Reisner, S., Janssen, A., & Duncan, D. (2019). Using global positioning system methods to explore mobility patterns and exposure to high HIV prevalence neighbourhoods among transgender women in New York. Geospatial Health, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2019.752