Point process methods in epidemiology: application to the analysis of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome mortality in urban areas

  • Jose Antonio Quesada | ja.quesada@ua.es Research Unit on Mortality Analysis and Health Statistics, Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
  • Inmaculada Melchor Registro de Mortalidad de la Comunitat Valenciana, Servicio de Estudios Epidemiológicos y Estadísticas Sanitarias, Subdirección General de Epidemiología y Vigilancia de la Salud, Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Alicante, Spain.
  • Andreu Nolasco Research Unit on Mortality Analysis and Health Statistics, Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

The analysis of spatio-temporal patterns of disease or death in urban areas has been developed mainly from the ecological studies approach. These designs may have some limitations like the ecological fallacy and instability with few cases. The objective of this study was to apply the point process methodology, as a complement to that of aggregated data, to study HIV/AIDS mortality in men in the city of Alicante (Spain). A case-control study in residents in the city during the period 2004-2011 was designed. Cases were men who died from HIV/AIDS and controls represented the general population, matched by age to cases. The risk surfaces of death over the city were estimated using the log-risk function of intensities, and we contrasted their temporal variations over the two periods. High risk significant areas of death by HIV/AIDS, which coincide with the most deprived areas in the city, were detected. Significant spatial change of the areas at risk between the periods studied was not detected. The point process methodology is a useful tool to analyse the patterns of death by HIV/AIDS in urban areas.

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Author Biography

Jose Antonio Quesada, Research Unit on Mortality Analysis and Health Statistics, Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, Alicante
Department of community nursing, preventive medicine and public health and history of science
Published
2017-05-26
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Point process, Mortality, Urban areas, HIV/AIDS, Spain
Statistics
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How to Cite
Quesada, J. A., Melchor, I., & Nolasco, A. (2017). Point process methods in epidemiology: application to the analysis of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome mortality in urban areas. Geospatial Health, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2017.506