Spatial characterization of Leptospira spp. infection in equids from the Brejo Paraibano micro-region in Brazil

  • Ruy Brayner Oliveira Filho Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos, Recife, Brazil.
  • Karla Campos Malta Center for Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Areia, Brazil.
  • Vania Lucia Assis Santana Division of Bacteriology, National Agricultural Laboratory in Pernambuco, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA/ Lanagro-PE), Recife, Brazil.
  • Mabel Hanna Vance Harrop Division of Bacteriology, National Agricultural Laboratory in Pernambuco, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA/ Lanagro-PE), Recife, Brazil.
  • Danilo Tancler Stipp Department of Veterinary Sciences, Center for Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Areia, Brazil.
  • Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim Academic Unity of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Garanhuns, Brazil.
  • Rinaldo Aparecido Mota Laboratory of Infectious and Contagious Diseases/DMV, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
  • José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro | jrwilton@uag.ufrpe.br Laboratory of Infectious and Contagious Diseases, Academic Unity of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Garanhuns, Brazil.

Abstract

The present study, the first to spatially characterize Leptospira spp. infection among equids in the Brejo Paraibano micro-region of the Paraiba state in the northeast of Brazil, investigated 257 animals in 26 farms properties. Serum samples from 204 horses, 46 mules and seven donkeys were serologically diagnosed using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The distribution of Leptospira spp. was studied by employing specific antigens from 24 different Leptospira serovars. All farms were georeferenced and their distribution visualised on a map of the Brejo Paraibano micro-region. In addition, rainfall data were obtained from the same year, in which the sampling was performed. Among the 20 farms found to harbour animals with leptospirosis, 14 (70%) exhibited low prevalence, five (25%) medium prevalence and one (5%), high prevalence. Certain areas had a higher density of infected farms and required intervention to control the infection. Many serovars were widely distributed, while others were more common in particular areas. There was no significant association between the prevalence of Leptospira spp. infection and rainfall.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2014-05-01
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
horses, leptospirosis, serology, georeferencing, rainfall, Brazil.
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 1161

  • PDF: 600
How to Cite
Oliveira Filho, R. B., Campos Malta, K., Assis Santana, V. L., Vance Harrop, M. H., Tancler Stipp, D., Friguglietti Brandespim, D., Aparecido Mota, R., & Wilton Pinheiro, J. J. (2014). Spatial characterization of Leptospira spp. infection in equids from the Brejo Paraibano micro-region in Brazil. Geospatial Health, 8(2), 463-469. https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2014.35