Spatial characterization of Leptospira spp. infection in equids from the Brejo Paraibano micro-region in Brazil

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Ruy Brayner Oliveira Filho
Karla Campos Malta
Vania Lucia Assis Santana
Mabel Hanna Vance Harrop
Danilo Tancler Stipp
Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim
Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro *
(*) Corresponding Author:
José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro | jrwilton@uag.ufrpe.br

Abstract

The present study, the first to spatially characterize Leptospira spp. infection among equids in the Brejo Paraibano micro-region of the Paraiba state in the northeast of Brazil, investigated 257 animals in 26 farms properties. Serum samples from 204 horses, 46 mules and seven donkeys were serologically diagnosed using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The distribution of Leptospira spp. was studied by employing specific antigens from 24 different Leptospira serovars. All farms were georeferenced and their distribution visualised on a map of the Brejo Paraibano micro-region. In addition, rainfall data were obtained from the same year, in which the sampling was performed. Among the 20 farms found to harbour animals with leptospirosis, 14 (70%) exhibited low prevalence, five (25%) medium prevalence and one (5%), high prevalence. Certain areas had a higher density of infected farms and required intervention to control the infection. Many serovars were widely distributed, while others were more common in particular areas. There was no significant association between the prevalence of Leptospira spp. infection and rainfall.

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