Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana

  • Matthias Schonlau | matt@rand.org RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.
  • Richard Scribner Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA, United States.
  • Thomas A. Farley Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of Community Health Sciences, New Orleans, United States.
  • Katherine P. Theall Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA, United States.
  • Ricky N. Bluthenthal RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA; Urban Community Research Center, Sociology Department, California State University, Dominguez Hills, Carson, CA, United States.
  • Molly Scott RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.
  • Deborah A. Cohen RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between alcohol availability, as measured by the density of off-premise alcohol outlets, and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana, USA. Consumption information was collected through a telephone survey of 2,881 households in Los Angeles county and pre-Katrina southern Louisiana, nested within 220 census tracts. Respondents’ addresses were geo-coded and both neighbourhood (census tracts and buffers of varying sizes) and individual (network distance to the closest alcohol outlet) estimates of off-sale alcohol outlet density were computed. Alcohol outlet density was not associated with the percentage of people who were drinkers in either site. Alcohol outlet density was associated with the quantity of consumption among drinkers in Louisiana but not in Los Angeles. Outlet density within a one-mile buffer of the respondent’s home was more strongly associated with alcohol consumption than outlet density in the respondent’s census tract. The conclusion is that the relationship between neighbourhood alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption is complex and may vary due to differences in neighbourhood design and travel patterns.

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Published
2008-11-01
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Original Articles
Keywords:
alcohol outlet density, alcohol consumption, Los Angeles county, southern Louisiana.H5N1
Statistics
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How to Cite
Schonlau, M., Scribner, R., Farley, T. A., Theall, K. P., Bluthenthal, R. N., Scott, M., & Cohen, D. A. (2008). Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana. Geospatial Health, 3(1), 91-101. https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2008.235