Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy

  • Giulia Morosetti Veterinary Services of Bolzano, Health Department of South Tyrol, Italy.
  • Gioia Bongiorno Section of Vector-Borne Diseases and International Health, MIPI Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
  • Bernadett Beran Department of Comparative Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
  • Aldo Scalone Section of Vector-Borne Diseases and International Health, MIPI Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
  • Judith Moser Veterinary Services of Bolzano, Health Department of South Tyrol, Italy.
  • Marina Gramiccia Section of Vector-Borne Diseases and International Health, MIPI Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
  • Luigi Gradoni Section of Vector-Borne Diseases and International Health, MIPI Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
  • Michele Maroli | michele.maroli@iss.it Section of Vector-Borne Diseases and International Health, MIPI Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

The incidence of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis has not only been recognized but is, in fact, increasing in territories of northern continental Italy previously regarded as non-endemic. Recent findings of sporadic autochthonous canine infections and the presence of phlebotomine vectors in some provinces of north-eastern Italy have stimulated risk assessment for the spreading of leishmaniasis in the autonomous province of Bolzano-South Tyrol, the northernmost territory of the Italian eastern Alps. In July 2008, 61 phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) were caught and identified as Phlebotomus perniciosus and Sergentomyia minuta. This is the first record in South Tyrol of P. perniciosus, the most competent vector of Leishmania infantum in Mediterranean countries. Leishmania serology on local dogs kept in kennels gave negative results, while only imported canine leishmaniasis cases were reported by local veterinarians through a questionnaire survey. Bio-geographic aspects and epidemiological consequences are analyzed in relation with the risk of leishmaniasis introduction into the area.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2009-11-01
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Phlebotomus perniciosus, sand flies, Leishmania infantum, canine, leishmaniasis, Italy.
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 1635

  • PDF: 383
How to Cite
Morosetti, G., Bongiorno, G., Beran, B., Scalone, A., Moser, J., Gramiccia, M., Gradoni, L., & Maroli, M. (2009). Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy. Geospatial Health, 4(1), 115-127. https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2009.214