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Risk areas for hepatitis A, B and C in the municipality of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil 2007-2010

Valéria Miranda Avanzi, Udelysses Janete Veltrini Fonzar, Eraldo Schunk Silva, Jorge Juarez Vieira Teixeira, Dennis Armando Bertolini
  • Valéria Miranda Avanzi
    Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
  • Udelysses Janete Veltrini Fonzar
    Municipal Health Department of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
  • Eraldo Schunk Silva
    Department of Statistics, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
  • Jorge Juarez Vieira Teixeira
    Department of Clinical Analysis and Biomedicine, Health Sciences Center, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
  • Dennis Armando Bertolini
    Department of Clinical Analysis and Biomedicine, Health Sciences Center, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil | dabertolini@uem.br

Abstract

Viral hepatitis is a major public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. We retrospectively analyzed 338 cases of hepatitis A, B and C in Maringá, Paraná State from 2007 through 2010. The hepatitis A virus was present in 5.6% of the cases, hepatitis B in 44.7% and hepatitis C in 49.7%. Most of the patients affected were male (55.3%), white (79.6%) and had some primary education (42.9%). Of the 338 cases analyzed, 13.0% had comorbidities. The cases were concentrated in large-population census zones, but it was concluded that the spatial distribution of viral hepatitis in Maringá occurred randomly rather than show any regular pattern.

Keywords

Demography; Human viral hepatitis; Epidemiology; Health education; Health surveys; Co-infection; Brazil.

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Submitted: 2017-07-12 03:03:40
Published: 2018-05-08 11:15:50
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Copyright (c) 2018 Valeria Miranda Avanzi, Udelysses Janete Veltrini Fonzar, Eraldo Schunk Silva, Jorge Juarez Vieira Teixeira, Dennis Armando Bertolini

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