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Satellite imagery technology in public health: analysis of site catchment areas for assessment of poliovirus circulation in Nigeria and Niger

Marina Takane, Shizu Yabe, Yumiko Tateshita, Yusuke Kobayashi, Akihiko Hino, Kazuo Isono, Hiromasa Okayasu, Ousmane M. Diop, Takeo Tadono
  • Marina Takane
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland | takanem@who.int
  • Shizu Yabe
    Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan
  • Yumiko Tateshita
    Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan
  • Yusuke Kobayashi
    Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
  • Akihiko Hino
    Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
  • Kazuo Isono
    Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
  • Hiromasa Okayasu
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Ousmane M. Diop
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Takeo Tadono
    Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

Environmental surveillance supplements the surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis by monitoring wastewater for poliovirus circulation. Building on previous work, we analysed wastewater flow to optimise selection and placement of sampling sites with higher digital surface model (DSM) resolution. The newly developed 5-m mesh DSM from the panchromatic, remote-sensing instruments for stereo mapping on-board the Japanese advanced land observing satellite was used to estimate catchment areas and flow of sewage water based on terrain topography. Optimal sampling sites for environmental surveillance were identified to maximise sensitivity to poliovirus circulation. Population data were overlaid to prioritise selection of catchment areas with dense populations. The results for Kano City, Nigeria were compared with an analysis based on existing 30- and 90-m mesh digital elevation model (DEM). Analysis based on 5-m mesh DSM was also conducted for three cities in Niger to prioritise the selection of new sites. The analysis demonstrated the feasibility of using DSMs to estimate catchment areas and population size for programme planning and outbreak response with respect to polio. Alternative sampling points in Kano City that would cover a greater population size have been identified and potential sampling sites in Niger are proposed. Comparison with lower-resolution DEMs suggests that the use of a 5-m mesh DSMs would be useful where the terrain is flat or includes small-scale topographic changes not captured by 30-m data searches.

Keywords

Environment surveillance; Digital elevation models; Poliovirus; Surface water hydrology; Satellite remote sensing

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Submitted: 2016-02-19 11:56:24
Published: 2016-11-21 14:12:18
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Copyright (c) 2016 Marina Takane, Shizu Yabe, Yumiko Tateshita, Yusuke Kobayashi, Akihiko Hino, Kazuo Isono, Hiromasa Okayasu, Ousmane Madiagne Diop, Takeo Tadono

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