Spatial characterization of Leptospira spp. infection in equids from the Brejo Paraibano micro-region in Brazil

Ruy Brayner Oliveira Filho, Karla Campos Malta, Vania Lucia Assis Santana, Mabel Hanna Vance Harrop, Danilo Tancler Stipp, Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim, Rinaldo Aparecido Mota, José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro
  • Ruy Brayner Oliveira Filho
    Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos, Recife, Brazil
  • Karla Campos Malta
    Center for Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Areia, Brazil
  • Vania Lucia Assis Santana
    Division of Bacteriology, National Agricultural Laboratory in Pernambuco, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA/ Lanagro-PE), Recife, Brazil
  • Mabel Hanna Vance Harrop
    Division of Bacteriology, National Agricultural Laboratory in Pernambuco, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA/ Lanagro-PE), Recife, Brazil
  • Danilo Tancler Stipp
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, Center for Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Areia, Brazil
  • Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim
    Academic Unity of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Garanhuns, Brazil
  • Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
    Laboratory of Infectious and Contagious Diseases/DMV, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
  • José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro
    Laboratory of Infectious and Contagious Diseases, Academic Unity of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Garanhuns, Brazil | jrwilton@uag.ufrpe.br

Abstract

The present study, the first to spatially characterize Leptospira spp. infection among equids in the Brejo Paraibano micro-region of the Paraiba state in the northeast of Brazil, investigated 257 animals in 26 farms properties. Serum samples from 204 horses, 46 mules and seven donkeys were serologically diagnosed using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The distribution of Leptospira spp. was studied by employing specific antigens from 24 different Leptospira serovars. All farms were georeferenced and their distribution visualised on a map of the Brejo Paraibano micro-region. In addition, rainfall data were obtained from the same year, in which the sampling was performed. Among the 20 farms found to harbour animals with leptospirosis, 14 (70%) exhibited low prevalence, five (25%) medium prevalence and one (5%), high prevalence. Certain areas had a higher density of infected farms and required intervention to control the infection. Many serovars were widely distributed, while others were more common in particular areas. There was no significant association between the prevalence of Leptospira spp. infection and rainfall.

Keywords

horses, leptospirosis, serology, georeferencing, rainfall, Brazil.

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Submitted: 2014-12-10 16:32:33
Published: 2014-05-01 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Ruy Brayner Oliveira Filho, Karla Campos Malta, Vania Lucia Assis Santana, Mabel Hanna Vance Harrop, Danilo Tancler Stipp, Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim, Rinaldo Aparecido Mota, José Júnior Wilton Pinheiro

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